Celebrating International Day Of Human Space Flight
12 April 1961 heralded the beginning of a new era - the dream of a human space flight became a reality.
In 2011, April 12 was declared as the International Day of Human Space Flight in dedication of the first manned space flight made on April 12, 1961 by the 27-year-old Russian Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. Gagarin circled the Earth for 1 hour and 48 minutes aboard the Vostok 1 Spacecraft.
The UN General Assembly adopted a resolution initiated by Russia declaring April 12 “International Day of Human Space Flight”. Representatives from over 60 states took part in drafting the document.
To pay tribute to the extraordinary journey of the men and women who have flown into space, and to capture their unique perspectives and experiences in a distinctive collection, the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA), is inviting past and present space explorers to sign an autograph sheet and to provide a message that might inspire future generations.
It was an important breakthrough and one in a series of Space Race firsts on the Russian side. Manned space flight has been the catalyst of many scientific breakthroughs since then and continues to capture the imagination of people around the world.
First Artificial Satellite: Sputnik 1 ПС-1 was the first artificial Earth satellite. It was a 58 cm (23 in) diameter polished metal sphere, with four external radio antennas to broadcast radio pulses. The Soviet Union launched it into an elliptical low Earth orbit on 4 October 1957. It was visible all around the Earth and its radio pulses were detectable.
Laika (1954 – November 3, 1957) was a Soviet space dog who became one of the first animals in space, and the first animal to orbit the Earth. Laika, a stray dog from the streets of Moscow was selected to be the occupant of the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 that was launched into outer space on November 3, 1957.
R-7 Semyorka The R-7 was a Soviet missile developed during the Cold War, and the world's first intercontinental ballistic missile. The R-7 made 28 launches between 1957 and 1961, but was never deployed operationally.
Tourism in Russia
Since the collapse of the USSR, foreign travel around Russia has increased a lot, and visitors have already developed their own impressions and lists of places to visit. Almost all travel centers are concentrated in Moscow and Saint Petersburg cities because they have a lot of places of interest for travelers like Red Square and Kremlin in Moscow, Petropavlovskaya fortress and Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg.
Russia is a popular place to travel because of its great cultural heritage and dramatic history. Various cruises by such Russian rivers as Volga, Lena and Yenisey are popular among tourists coming to Russia. The travelling by Trans-Siberian Railway (running from Moscow to Vladivostok located on the shore of Pacific Ocean) is also a point of interest.